What is Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery diagnoses and treats a range of diseases, disorders and defects of the oral-facial complex, namely the hard and soft tissues of the head to the hairline, the neck, face and jaws and associated structures. It is recognized in most countries as a surgical specialization of dentistry or medicine. In Canada, it is recognized by the Royal College of Dentists of Canada and by provincial dentistry regulatory bodies as a specialization within the dentistry profession.

As is the case with many health care professions, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery developed from the need to treat sometimes horrific injuries to the jaw and face sustained on the battlefields in World War I. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery was first recognized as a specialization in Ontario in 1944. 


 

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