An Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon typically has completed 12 to 14 years of post-secondary education: An undergraduate degree (BSc, BA, or equivalent), followed by successful completion of four years of study at an accredited dental school and 4 to 6 years of post-graduate residency training. In Canada, after completion of their education residency programs, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons must successfully complete specialty examinations administered by the Royal College of Dentists.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is recognized as a specialization within dentistry by the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario (RCDSO) and by most dental regulatory bodies in other jurisdictions.
The core competencies of the specialization are radiology, anesthesia and oral pathology.
There are many accredited programs for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons in the United States where many of Ontario's Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons received their education. Postgraduate programs in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery are currently offered in Canada at Western University, Dalhousie University, McGill University and the University of Toronto.